Knife Gate Valve AB Type DN50-600

Handwheel gear box

Pneumatic actuator

Hydraulic actuator

Electric-motor

Fig 8

Fig 9

Fig 10

Fig 11

Knife Gate Valve AB Type DN50-600

PRODUCT FAMILY
VALVES
VALVES
RANGE / MARK ®
KNIFE GATE VALVES
CHOICE OF PRODUCT
Manual type
Main features

  • Bidirectional wafer-design knife gate valve.
  • One-piece cast body.
  • Provides high flow rates with low pressure drop.
  • Various seat and packing materials available.
  • Face-to-face dimension in accordance with PAM standard.

General applications

This knife gate valve is suitable for liquids that contain a maximum of 4% suspended solids. Designed for applications such as:

  • Chemical plants
  • Pumping
  • Food Industry
  • Sewage treatment

In all these applications, the valve should be installed once the fluid has been filtered, to eliminate solids or large particles it contains.

Sizes and working pressure

Sizes: DN50 to DN600.

Working pressure:

  • DN50 to DN150 : 10kg/cm2
  • DN200: 8kg/cm2
  • DN250 to DN300 : 6kg/cm2
  • DN350 to DN400 : 5kg/cm2
  • DN450 to DN600 : 3kg/cm2

Standard Flanges: DIN PN10 and ANSI B16.5 (class 150)

Other Common Flanges:

  • DIN PN 6
  • DIN PN 16
  • DIN PN25
  • BS "D" and "E"
  • ANSI 150
  • Others on request

Directives

  • Machinery Directive: DIR 2006/42/EC (MACHINERY)
  • Pressure Equipment Directive: DIR 97/23/EC (PED) ART.3, P.3
  • Potential Explosive Atmospheres Directive: DIR 94/9/EC (ATEX) CAT.3 ZONE 2 and 22 GD
  • For further information on categories and zones please contact PAM Technical-Commercial Dept.

Quality file

All valves are tested hydrostatically, material and test certificates can be provided.

  • Body test = working pressure x 1.5.
  • Seat test = working pressure x 1.1.

Added values

This valve’s main characteristic is the body design. It is a one-piece machined cast body with wedges on both sides that offers the ability to work with fluids in both directions with the same pressure.

The sealing joint has a stainless steel ring that ensures that the inside of the body is kept clean and prevents the joint from coming loose. This design provides a completely flat seat with no internal cavities and avoids any build up of solids in the seat area.

The stem protection hood is independent from the handwheel securing nut, this means the hood can be disassembled without the need to release the handwheel. This advantage allows regular maintenance operations to be performed, such as lubricating the stem, etc.

The stem on the valve is made of 18/8 stainless steel. This is another added advantage, as some manufacturers produce it with 13% chrome and it gets rusty very quickly.

The handwheel is made of GJS-500 nodular cast iron. Some manufacturers produce them in normal cast iron which can lead to breakages in the event of very high operating torque or knocks.

The yoke is has a compact design with the bronze actuator nut protected in a sealed and lubricated box. This makes it possible to move the valve with a key, even without the handwheel (in other manufacturers’ products this is not possible).

Materials and coating

Item

Component

Cast iron version

Stainless steel version

1

Body

GJL-250

CF8M

2

Gate

AISI304

AISI316

3

Seat

EPDM

EPDM

4

Packing gland

GJS-500

CF8M

5

Packing

SYNT + PTFE

SYNT + PTFE

6

O-ring seal

EPDM

EPDM

7

Support plates

S275JR

S275JR

8

O-ring

Nitrile

Nitrile

9

Stem

AISI303

AISI303

10

Yoke

Steel

Steel

11

Stem nut

Bronze

Bronze

12

Check nut

ST44.2 + ZINC

ST44.2 + ZINC

13

Handwheel

Nodular cast iron

Nodular cast iron

14

Nut

Steel

Steel

15

Hood

Steel

Steel

Design characteristics

Body

Bidirectional wafer-design knife gate valve. One-piece cast iron body.

Full port designed to provide high flow rates with low pressure drop.

The body's internal design prevents any build up of solids in the seat area.

The standard manufacturing materials are GJL-250 cast iron and CF8M stainless steel. Other materials, such as GJS-500 nodular cast iron, A216WCB carbon steel and stainless steel alloys (AISI316Ti, Duplex, 254SMO, Uranus B6…) are available on request. As standard, iron or carbon steel valves are painted with an anti-corrosive protection of 80 microns of epoxy (colour RAL 5015). Other types of anti-corrosive protections are available on request.

Gate

The standard manufacturing materials are AISI304 stainless steel in valves with iron body and AISI316 stainless steel in valves with CF8M body. Other materials or combinations can be supplied on request.

The gate is polished on both sides to provide a smooth contact surface with the resilient seat. At the same time, the gate is rounded to prevent the seat from being cut. Different degrees of polishing, anti-abrasion treatments and modifications are available to adapt the valves to the customer's requirements.

Seat: (waterlight)

There is only one seat design available on the AB valve and it must always be soft seated. It can never have a metal or PTFE sealing joint.

  • Below we show the detail of the seat:

The AB valve seat is a square rubber joint with an internal stainless steel wire.

This rubber joint is inserted inside the body in such a way that it starts on one side, level with the packing, and continues around the body to reach the other end of the packing area.

This means that the sealing joint is not installed around the whole perimeter of the valve’s flow passing hole, but rather, it is installed in a U shape, to cover the gate’s perimeter. The internal stainless steel wire helps to keep the U shape and ensures that the joint does not come out of the body because of the flow as it passes through the valve. This design provides a completely flat seal with no cavities and avoids any solids being stored in the seal area.

Seat/Seals
MaterialMax T. (°C)Applications

EPDM (E)

90 *

Mineral acids and oils
Nitrile (N)90 *Hydrocarbons, oils and greases
Viton (V)200Hydrocarbons and solvents
Silicone (S)200Food Products

*EPDM and nitrile: is possible until serving temperature Max.: 120°C under request.

Note: More details and other materials available on request.

Resilient seat materials:

  • EPDM: This is the standard resilient seat fitted on the valves. It can be used in many applications, however, it is generally used for water and products diluted in water at temperatures no higher than 90°C*. It can also be used with abrasive products and it provides the valve with 100% watertight integrity.
  • NITRILE: It is used in fluids containing fats or oils at temperatures no higher than 90°C*. It provides the valve with 100% watertight integrity.
  • VITON: Suitable for corrosive applications and continuous high temperatures of up to 190ºC and peaks of 210ºC. It provides the valve with 100% watertight integrity.
  • SILICONE:Mainly used in the food industry and for pharmaceutical products with temperatures no higher than 200°C. It provides the valve with 100% watertight integrity.

In some applications other types of resilient materials are used, such as hypalon, butile or natural rubber. Please contact us if you require one of these materials.

Packing

PAM's standard packing is composed of three lines with a specially designed EPDM O-ring in the middle which provides watertight integrity between the body and the gate, preventing any type of leakage to the atmosphere. It is located in an easily accessible place and can be replaced without dismantling the valve from the pipeline. Below we indicate various types of packing available according to the application in which the valve is located:

  • GREASED COTTON (Recommended for hydraulic services): This packing is composed of braided cotton fibres soaked in grease both inside and out. It is for general use in hydraulic applications in both pumps and valves.
  • DRY COTTON: This packing is composed of cotton fibres. It is for general use in hydraulic applications with solids.
  • COTTON + PTFE: This packing is composed of braided cotton fibres soaked in PTFE both inside and out. It is for general use in hydraulic applications in both pumps and valves.
  • SYNTHETIC + PTFE: This packing is composed of braided synthetic fibres soaked in PTFE both inside and out.It is for general use in hydraulic applications in both pumps and valves and in all types of fluids, especially corrosive ones, including concentrated and oxidising oils. It is also used in liquids with solid particles in suspension.
  • GRAPHITE: This packing is composed of high-purity graphite fibres. A diagonal braiding system is used and it is impregnated with graphite and lubricant which helps to reduce porosity and improve operation. It has a wide range of applications as graphite is resistant to steam, water, oils, solvents, alkali and most acids.
  • CERAMIC FIBRE: This packing is composed of ceramic material fibres. Its main applications are with air or gas at high temperatures and low pressures.
Packing
MaterialP(bar)Max. T. (°C)pH

Greased cotton

10

1006-8

Dry cotton (AS)

0,5

1006-8
Synthetic + PTFE100-200+2700-14
Graphite406500-14
Ceramic Fibre0,314000-14

Stem

The stem on the valve is made of 18/8 stainless steel. This characteristic provides high resistance and excellent corrosion-resistant properties. The valve design can be rising stem or non-rising stem. When rising stem is required a stem hood is supplied to protect the stem from contact with dust and dirt, as well as keeping it lubricated.

Packing gland

The packing gland allows uniform force and pressure to be applied to the packing to ensure watertight integrity. As standard, valves with cast iron body include GJS-500 packing glands, whilst valves with stainless steel body have CF8M packing glands.

Actuators

All types of actuators can be supplied, with the advantage that the PAM design is fully interchangeable. It is not possible to change the levers action. This design allows the customer to change the actuators themselves and normally no extra assembly accessories are required. In the event any accessory is required, PAM will supply it.

  • Manual : - Handwheel with rising stem - Handwheel with non-rising stem - Chainwheel - Lever - Gear Box - Others (square nut...)
  • Automatic: - Electric actuator - Pneumatic cylinder - Hydraulic cylinder

The chainwheel and gear box actuators are also available with non-rising stem. Graphical representation of some actuators on the next page

Handwheel gear box

Pneumatic actuator

Hydraulic actuator

Electric-motor

Accessories and options

Different types of accessories are available to adapt the valve to specific working conditions such as:

  • Mirror Polished Gate: recommended for the food industry, its function is to prevent solids from sticking to the gate. They slide off the gate and do not stick to it.
  • PTFE Lined Gate: As with the mirror polished gate, it improves the valve's resistance to products that can stick to the gate.
  • Stellited Gate: Stellite is added to the gate's lower edge to protect it from abrasion.
  • Scraper in the Packing: Its function is to clean the gate during the opening movement and prevent possible damage to the packing.
  • Air Injection in the Packing Gland (fig 8): By injecting air in the packing, an air chamber is created which improves the watertight integrity. Fig 8
  • Heating Jacket: Recommended in applications in which the fluid can harden and solidify inside the valve's body. An external jacket keeps the body temperature constant, preventing the fluid from solidifying.
  • Mechanical Limit Switches, Inductive Switches and Positioners: Indicates the valve's specific or continuous position.
  • Solenoid valves (Fig. 9): For air distribution to pneumatic actuators. Fig 9
  • Connection Boxes, Wiring and Pneumatic Piping: Fully assembled units can be supplied with all the necessary accessories.
  • Stroke Limiting Mechanical Stops
  • Mechanical Locking Device: Allows the valve to be mechanically locked in a set position for long periods of time.
  • Emergency Manual Actuator (Hand Wheel /Gear Box): Allows manual operation of the valve in the event of power or air failure.
  • Triangular (V-Notch) and Pentagonal Diaphragm with Indication Rule (fig. 9): Recommended for applications in which flow regulation is required. Allows flow control according to the valve's opening percentage. Fig 10
  • Interchangeable Actuators: All actuators are easily interchangeable, except the lever.
  • Actuator or Yoke Support: Made of EPOXY-coated steel (or stainless steel on request), its robust design gives it great rigidity in order to resist the most adverse operation conditions.
  • Epoxy Coating: All cast iron and carbon steel bodies and components on the valves are epoxy coated, giving the valves great resistance to corrosion and an excellent finish. The standard colour is blue, RAL-5015.
  • Gate Safety Protection: In accordance with European Safety Standards (“EC” marking), PAM automated valves are equipped with gate guards, to prevent any objects from being accidentally caught in the gate.
  • Bonnet: The bonnet provides total watertight integrity to the outside, reducing the packing maintenance required.

Types of seal

Watertight seal: The joint is fitted into the body, inserted in the seat and in contact with the whole perimeter of the gate which is in contact with the body, this ensures perfect watertight integrity and circulation in both directions, it also prevents build up of solids on the seat making it difficult to seal. The joint contains an internal wire, as can be seen in Figure 11.

Fig 11

Types of extension

Types of extension
PlanLegend

1

Pipe extension with internal rising stem

2

Case 1 + floor support

3Case 1 + wall support
4Case 3 + T box spanner
5Rising stem + bracket support
6Rising stem + stand
7Non-rising stem + stand + two universal joints
8Rising stem + extended support plates

Handwheel with non rising stem

  • Suitable when no size limitations exist.
  • J = Max. width of the valve (without actuator) D = Max. height of the valve (without actuator)
  • Options: - Square nut - Locking devices - Extensions: stand, pipe, plates... - DN higher than those give in the table
  • Actuator including: - Handwheel - Stem - Guide bearings on the yoke - Nut
  • Available: From DN50 to DN600.
DNΔPLinear forceNominal torqueACDJKØ handwheelMass
mmkg/cm2NwNmmmmmmmmmmmmmkg
501011432.6440612411012802257
651019524.4540682681013082258
801029576.7650912941013332259
10010461710.55010433410137322511
12510721316.55011836711140722513
15010729016.66013041911145822517
20081297537.16015952512857832528
25061452241.47019662612867932540
30062094259.87023072612877938056
35052281088.59625479730590645094
400529879115.91002879033051012450116
450328461110.31063049893051098450162
500335333137.111034011013051210450187
600351235198.611039813073051416450260

Chainwheel

  • Widely used in raised installations with difficult access, the handwheel is fitted in vertical position.
  • B = Max. width of the valve (without actuator) D = Max. height of the valve (without actuator)
  • Options: - Locking devices - Extensions: stand, pipe, plates... - Non-rising stem - DN higher than those give in the table
  • Including: - Handwheel - Stem - Nut - Hood - Chain
  • Available: DN50 to DN600.
DNΔPLinear forceNominal torqueABCDLMØ handwheelMass
mmkg/cm2NwNmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmkg
501011432.644091612412804102257
651019524.454091682683084372258
801029576.765091912943334632259
10010461710.5509110433437350322511
12510721316.55010111836740758622513
15010729016.66010113041945863822517
20081297537.16011815952557881630028
25061452241.470118196626679101730040
30062094259.870118230726779111730056
35052281088.596290254797906133740294
400529879115.910029028790310121443402116
450328461110.310629030498910981629402162
500335333137.1110290340110112101741402187
600351235198.6110290398130714162047402260
For this kind of actuator, please consult us.

Lever

  • It is a fast actuator
  • B = Max. width of the valve (without actuator) D = Max. height of the valve (without actuator)
  • The actuator includes: - Lever - Rod - Guide bearing - External limiting switches to maintain the position
  • Available: DN50 to DN200, other DN on request.
DNΔPLinear forceABCDNOPMass
mmkg/cm2Nwmmmmmmmmmmmmmmkg
5010*241*4091612413251555049
6510*406*40916826832515552610
8010*613*50919129432515554911
10010*954*509110433432515560513
12510*1494*5010111836742515590216
15010*2151*6010113041942515595620
2008*3832*60118159525620290102732
For this kind of actuator, please consult us.

Gear box

  • B = Max. width of the valve (without actuator) D = Max. height of the valve (without actuator)
  • Options: - Chainwheel - Extensions: stand, pipe, plates... - Locking devices - Non-rising stem
  • Actuator including: - Stem - Yoke - Cone-shaped gear box - Handwheel
  • Standard ratio = 4 to 1.
  • Available: DN50 to DN600.
DNΔPLinear forceNominal torqueABCDPMass
mmkg/cm2NwNmmmmmmmmmmmkg
501011432.6440916124154020
651019524.4540916826856621
801029576.7650919129459222
10010461710.5509110433463224
12510721316.55010111836766526
15010729016.66010113041971730
20081297537.16011815952594241
25061452241.470118196626103353
30062094259.870118230726112169
35052281088.5962902547971305107
400529879115.91002902879031403130
450328461110.31062903049891677183
500335333137.111029034011011789204
600351235198.611029039813071995288

Double-active-pneumatic cylinder

  • PAM double-acting pneumatic actuators are designed to work at a pressure between 6 and 10 kg/cm2.
  • 10 Kg/cm2 is the maximum admissible air pressure. For air pressures below 6 Kg/cm2 please consult manufacturer.
  • For DN50 to DN200 valves, the cylinder’s jacket and covers are made of aluminium, the rod of AISI304, the piston of rubber-coated steel and the O-ring seals are made of nitrile.
  • For valves larger than DN200 the covers are made of nodular cast iron or carbon steel.
  • On request, we can also supply the actuator made entirely of stainless steel, especially for installation in corrosive atmospheres.
  • B = Max. width of the valve (without actuator) D = Max. height of the valve (without actuator)
  • Available: DN50 to DN600.
DNΔPLinear forceABCDRCylinder diameterØ StemQDN screwMass
mmkg/cm2Nwmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmminchkg
501011434091612414008020901/4"7
651019524091682684428020901/4"8
8010295750919129448380201101/4"9
1001046175091104334546100201351/4"12
12510721350101118367630125251701/4"18
15010729060101130419692125251701/4"22
20081297560118159525869160302151/4"37
250614522701181966261032200302703/8"58
300620942701182307261182200302703/8"72
350522810962902547971379250403823/8"130
4005298791002902879031535250403823/8"148
4503284611062903049891677300453821/2"235
50033533311029034011011839300454441/2"260
60035123511029039813072145300455081/2"334
For this kind of actuator, please consult us.

Single-active-pneumatic cylinder

  • PAM single-acting pneumatic actuators are designed to work at a pressure between 6 and 10 kg/cm2.
  • 10 Kg/cm2 is the maximum admissible air pressure. For air pressures below 6 Kg/cm2 please consult manufacturer.
  • Available (spring closes or spring opens).
  • The jacket is made of aluminium, the covers of nodular cast iron or carbon steel, the rod of AISI304, the piston of rubber-coated steel and the O-ring seals of nitrile.
  • The actuator design is spring activated for valves with diameters up to DN200. For larger diameters the actuator contains a double-acting cylinder and an air tank which stores the volume of air necessary to perform the last movement in the event of a fault.
  • B = Max. width of the valve (without actuator) D = Max. height of the valve (without actuator)
DNΔPLinear forceABCDHØ JCylinder diameterØ StemDN screwMass
mmkg/cm2Nwmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmminchkg
50101143409161241781135125251/4"19
65101952409168268806135125251/4"22
80102957509191294833135125251/4"23
1001046175091104334873135125251/4"24
12510721350101118367909135160301/4"35
15010729060101130419960135160301/4"36
200812975601181595251355215200303/8"66
For this kind of actuator, please consult us.

Electric actuator

  • This actuator is automatic and includes the following parts: - Electric motor - Stem - Yoke
  • The electric motor includes: - Emergency manual handwheel - Limit switches - Torque switches
  • Options: - Different types and brands - Non-rising stem
  • ISO 5210 / DIN 3338 Flanges
  • Available: DN50 to DN600.
  • From DN500 the motor is assisted with a gear box.
DNΔPLinear forceNominal torqueABCDQRSTUVMass
mmkg/cm2NwNmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmkg
501011432.6440916124119710223426534758724
651019524.4540916826819710223426537461425
801029576.7650919129419710223426540064026
10010461710.5509110433419710223426544068027
12510721316.55010111836719710223426547371330
15010729016.66010113041919710223426552576532
20081297537.16011815952519710223426564088042
25061452241.47011819662619710223426574198155
30062094259.870118230726197102234265841114172
35052281088.596290254797197115256282944134799
400529879115.910029028790319711525628210501550136
450328461110.310629030498922215332538511471847166
500335333137.1110290340110122215332538512591959245
600351235198.6110290398130722215332538514652165362
For this kind of actuator, please consult us.

Hydraulic actuator (oil pressure: 135 Kg/cm2)

  • B = Max. width of the valve (without actuator) D = Max. height of the valve (without actuator)
  • The hydraulic actuator includes: - Hydraulic cylinder - Yoke
  • Available: DN50 to DN600
  • Different types and brands available according to customer's requirements.
DNΔPLinear forceABCDWCylinder diameterØ StemDN screwOilMass
mmkg/cm2Nwmmmmmmmmmmmmmminchdm³kg
5010114340916124145725183/8"0.037
6510195240916826850025183/8"0.048
8010295750919129456032223/8"0.089
100104617509110433462032223/8"0.0912
1251072135010111836768340283/8"0.1815
1501072906010113041975550283/8"0.3220
2008129756011815952592650283/8"0.4231
25061452270118196626107750283/8"0.5244
30062094270118230726124663363/8"0.9862
35052281096290254797137663363/8"1.14100
400529879100290287903153280453/8"2.11138
450328461106290304989170780453/8"2.36161
5003353331102903401101186980453/8"2.61223
60035123511029039813072176100561/2"4.87325
For this kind of actuator, please consult us.

Information about flanges

  • EN 1092-2 PN10 Standards
DNΔPThreadedDepthØ K
mmkg/cm2QuantityQuantitymmmmmm
50104-M168125
65104-M168145
801044M169160
1001044M169180
1251044M169210
1501044M2010240
200844M2010295
250666M2012350
300666M2012400
3505124M2021460
4005124M2421515
4503164M2422565
5003164M2422620
6003164M2722725
  • ANSI B16, class 150 Standards
DNΔPR UNCDepthØ K
mmkg/cm2QuantityQuantitymmmmmm
2"104-5/8"8120.6
2.5104-5/8"8139.7
3"104-5/8"9152.4
4"10445/8"9190.5
5"10443/4"9215.9
6"10443/4"10241.3
8"8443/4"10298.4
10"6667/8"12361.9
12"6667/8"12431.8
14"5841"21476.2
16"51241"21539.7
18"312411/8"22577.8
20"316411/8"22635
24"316411/4"22749.3